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Citations for: The Potential of Cuba’s Search for Oil

May 25, 2012



Sources for: Marco Rubio and the DREAM Act: He Walks on Eggs, Not Water

May 2, 2012

The Migration Policy Institute caught on to this spirit by affirming that “The DREAM ACT would create an unprecedented opportunity for many young people to step onto a path to permanent legal status, a path that would require them to demonstrate either a significant investment in their human capital or service to the United States through membership in the armed forces

Sources for: An Armistice for Old Rivals: Church and Salvadoran Government Broker Cease-fire Between Notorious Gangs

April 18, 2012

[1] “El Salvador Murder: Country Marks First Homicide-Free Day In Years.” 2012. (Accessed April 18, 2012).

[2] Ramsey, Geoffrey. “Is El Salvador Negotiating with Criminal Street Gangs?” The Christian Science Monitor (2012). Web. 12 Apr. 2012. <http://;.

[3] El Faro

[4] Ramsey, Geoffrey. “Is El Salvador Negotiating with Criminal Street Gangs?”

[5] Dudley, Steven, and Elyssa Pachico. “Govt-‘Facilitated’ Gang Truce in Salvador Sets Dangerous Regional Precedent.” In Sight. 29 Mar. 2012. Web. 12 Apr. 2012. <>.

[6] Archibold, Randal C. “Homicides in El Salvador Dip, and Questions Arise.” New York Times. 24 Mar. 2012. Web. 12 Apr. 2012. <>.

[7] Dudley, Steven, and Elyssa Pachico. “Govt-‘Facilitated’ Gang Truce in Salvador Sets Dangerous Regional Precedent.” In Sight. 29 Mar. 2012. Web. 12 Apr. 2012. <>.


[8] Ibid.

[9] Margolis, Mac. “El Salvador’s Violence Dips After a Truce Between Gangs and Government.” The Daily Beast. 7 Apr. 2012. Web. 13 Apr. 2012. <;.


Sources for: The 2014 Presidential Elections in El Salvador: The Debate on the Salvadoran Left

April 18, 2012

[iii] In 2009 the FMLN held 35 seats, ARENA 32 seats, with other seats going to the smaller parties. In 2012 the FMLN holds 31 seats, ARENA 33 seats, and GANA 11 seats, with the others seats going to the smaller parties. The total number of seats in the national assembly is 84. Tribunal Supremo Electoral, El Salvador, 2012.

[vi] La Prensa names three ARENA favorites for President: “Luego repetimos la misma pregunta, pero para candidatos de la derecha. En primer lugar aparece el reelecto alcalde de San Salvador, Norman Quijano, seguido del expresidente del país, Antonio Saca, y la diputada electa Ana Vilma de Escobar.” Also, see the interview with Norman Quijano in

[viii] See, for example, Also see the FMLN Political Commission’s statement, published in English by CISPES, which includes:

“In our militancy, which has been proven in victory and in adversity, we ask that we undertake to make a responsible assessment, self-critical spirit, placing above all party unity as a necessary condition to keep on the path of change.” The full text can be found at

[ix] According to the La Prensa Grafica Datos survey, Oscar Ortiz is favored as the “most adequate” person to be a presidential candidate for the left and Norman Quijano is favored as the “most adequate” candidate for the right. See note 2. An internet poll by Contrapunto, conducted between April 8 and April 14, puts Salvador Sanchez Ceren ahead of all other candidates (53.8%) with Oscar Oritz in second place (32.8%); this intenet poll, however, does not claim empirical validity.

[xi] La Prensa Grafica, 4-13-2012, La Nacion. This article can be accessed through

[xii] See, for example, Bianca Segura,, April 3, 2012.

[xiii] In Santa Tecla, significant progress has been made, using this participatory model, in building recreational and green areas; increasing access to health care and education (conceived as social rights); promoting cultural programs and events; developing the historic district; improving waste management; modernizing infrastructure; optimizing water, transportation, communications, and energy services; and encouraging business investment in the municipality. See

[xiv] See also Community-Based Crime and Violence Prevention Project (Proyecto de Prevención de la Violencia y del Crimen a Nivel Comunitario) Fourth Annual Report October 2010 through September 2011. Prepared for Mr. Mauricio Herrera United States Agency for International Development/El Salvador. Prepared by RTI International “Another noteworthy achievement is that the Santa Tecla Crime Observatory, having received CVPP’s support through two grants since 2008 and additional support in 3-G wireless communications through the Qualcomm Reach grant, has served numerous other observatories throughout the country as a model of implementation. CVPP’s support to this municipality, coupled with the mayor’s dedication to issues of citizen safety, reinforced with support from other donors such as the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and AECIDA, has helped Santa Tecla to substantially reduce its crime rate and establish itself as the leader in El Salvador in terms of municipality-led prevention efforts.”

Sources for: From Cradle to Conflict: Latin America’s Child Soldiers’ New Direction to Drug Wars

April 16, 2012


[7] Ibid.

[19] Covey, et al. Youth Gangs, 2006.

[22] Rebeca Pérez and Clarissa Huguet, “Children in Organized Armed Violence,” Child Soldiers Newsletter, Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers, Issue 15, January 2007.

Other citations of “The U.S. Embargo Against Cuba: A Celebration to Lament Washington’s Sterile Havana Strategy”

April 13, 2012
Caribbean News Now!
Diario Granma
Radio Informaremos
Radio Martí
Scoop News
The Cutting Edge

Citations For: Colombia Prepares to Welcome the Americas to Cartagena for Next Week’s OAS Summit

April 10, 2012